- Please keep these annotations SPOILER-FREE by not revealing information from later pages in the novel.
Brazilian rhythm originating from the native peoples in North East Brazil. Here's a sample
Literally translates to "the Sun." This was a real newspaper which ceased publication in 1915. The paper lost a large amount of readership after supporting Capt. Dreyfus in 1898. Pynchon may also be invoking Rimbaud's poem "Sun and Flesh" (as per his mention on ???/430).
In French Mélanie's name means "Time of the damned" or "Cursed hour."
In French, a porcupine.
399/444 - La Libre Parole. . .Captain Dreyfus
La Libre Parole was an anti-semitist newspaper founded by Edouard Drumont in 1892. The captain in question was Afred Dreyfus. Dreyfus, a Jewish officer in the French Army, was accused and convicted of spying based on little evidence - a verdict highly influence by anti-semitism. He was eventually exonerated after the actual spy was caught. The "Dreyfus Affair" was one of the major political dramas of the time and a rallying cry for forces fighting against antisemitism in France.
Sgherraccio is a member of a movement in Malta which sought to break away from British rule and join Italy; also, more generally, irredentists are members of a movement which seeks to break away from foreign rule and join its ethnically related unit. The word was coined in Italy from the phrase Italia irredenta ("unredeemed Italy"). This originally referred to Austro-Hungarian rule over mostly or partly Italian-inhabited territories such as Trentino and Trieste during the 19th and early 20th century. Sgherraccio, like the Florentine Ferrante, is a fierce Italian patriot. His name derives from the Italian phrase alla sgherra which means "cocked" as in a cocked hat, denoting arrogance, thus the metonym sgherro for a cocky person, i.e., a gangster or tough guy. The Italian suffix "-accio" denotes badness or ugliness and reinforces the gangster meaning. That Sgherraccio is a badass gangsta.
In which Benny Profane, a schlemihl and human yo-yo, gets to an apocheir
The Whole Sick Crew
In which Stencil, a quick-change artist, does eight impersonations
In which Esther gets a nose job
In which Stencil nearly goes West with an alligator
In which Profane returns to street level
She hangs on the western wall
In which Rachel gets her yo-yo back, Roony sings a song, and Stencil calls on Bloody Chiclitz
In which various sets of young people get together
Confessions of Fausto Maijstral
In which things are not so amusing
In which the yo-yo string is revealed as a state of mind
V. in love